The protagonists of the 364th edition
The Confraternity was founded in Cagliari in 1564, in 1618 it was joined to the Roman Archconfraternity “della SS. Vergine del Riscatto” and then promoted to Archconfraternity in 1796, with papal bull of Pope Pius VI, following the liberation of the city and the whole island from the Franco-Piedmontese invasion.
It always pronounces the dissolution of the Vow to the City of Cagliari and the Archbishopric, in the evening of May 4 by midnight: the president of the Archconfraternity pronounces the dissolution of the Vow in front of the civil and religious authorities, as well as to the devotees.
It is one of the oldest popular associations of Cagliari, which has seen over the centuries the membership of famous people, including the Savoy sovereigns Carlo Emanuele IV, Vittorio Emanuele I, Carlo Felice and their wives.
To become brothers, it is necessary to have a permission by the own parish and a formal request.
For two years the brother is supervised by the novice master, at the end of which, after a swearing ceremony, he wears penitential clothes: a blue garment on which a white and red cross is sewn and a whip on the left side, a white woollen small cape and a cord with a rosary.
The Archconfraternity has its headquarters in the Church of Saint Efisio, in Stampace district and today it has about one hundred and fifty members, divided in two distinct male and female branches of brothers and sisters.
Tel: 070 668632; e-mail: [email protected]; web: http://www.arcisantefisio.it
The Alter Nos
The Alter Nos represents the Municipality of Cagliari and in the ceremony symbolizes the official public thanks to the Saint.
At the time of the monarchy (the Spanish first, then Savoy) it was the Viceroy that, on behalf of the king, walked in procession for the Feast of Saint Efisio.
Today, this role is performed by a member of the City Administration.
The Alter Nos choice is at the discretion of the mayor, who confirms the appointment in April. After the appointment, the chosen one takes riding lessons, chooses the accessories for his tailcoat and starts taking part in the events of the Archconfraternity.
On 1 May 2020 the Alter Nos will go to the Town Hall, where the Mayor will assign him the task of Municipal representative. The official investiture will take place behind closed doors.
The Mayor will decorate the Alter Nos with the "Golden Fleece", a solid gold medallion donated in 1679 by Charles II, King of Sardinia and Aragon. On the Golden Fleece stand effigies of the towers and the Savoy cross. Decorated with this jewel and bandaged by the tricolour, the Alter Nos will proceed towards Saint Efisio's church where, at 11 am, the solemn Celebration in his honour will take place. During the Mass, that will be held without public participation, the Alter Nos will be religiously consecrated, enclosing the two aspects of the Feast: civil and religious.
The representative of the Municipality will follow the statue of the Saint even in the later stages out of town until the return in the church of Sant'Efisio.