A city survives only if its inhabitants have knowledge and awareness of the place where they are living, respecting and sharing the rules and transmitting them, together with its stories.
The museum is the place where every inhabitant feels at home, feels welcomed and told.
It is the soul of the place.
Lazzaretto Today and in the Past was born not only to preserve the history of the monument, but also the memory of the place. But memory is not necessarily linked to the old and classic idea of a museum.
Today the story is enriched thanks to technology: places of culture should acquire new ways of communication. The visitor must no longer be the passive object of the visit, but must feel, taste, touch and smell the cultural contents.
In a word, it must be the subject of the visit.
The Lazzaretto Today and in the Past exhibition combines these needs and accompanies the visitor on a path that starts in a classic way, with the presence of didactic panels that tell the story of the institution of the hospital itself, starting from the first one, that of Venice, to arrive at the Lazzaretto of Cagliari and also at the origins of the Saint'Elia district.
The content is enriched by the presence of video installations. While the history is made contemporary by a multimedia model, created by the architecture agency ALO srl of the engineer Marco Verde, with which the Lazzaretto of 1800 comes to life and tells its environments accompanying the gaze to see what no longer exists, canceled from time and the weather. The rooms of the model, at the touch of the visitor, open, making the director appear while doing his activities and the narrator describes what was happening.
The interaction with the space is made possible thanks to technology, that communicates with the place. Through a tactile interface equipped with sensors, exploration is also usable by people with disabilities.
The graphic novel Bartolomeo Salazar - The Last Doctor of the Plague by Stefano Obino, published by Camena Edizioni, implements the communication. The story, set in Cagliari in 1816, when a cholera epidemic exploded in the city which forced an urgent search for external areas where the hundreds of dead could be buried in order to avoid the spread of the disease. The epidemic spread mainly in the popular districts near the port, as it was brought by some english sailors who landed on the island. Bartolomeo Salazar, a fiction character, works in this context, fulfilling for the last time his role as a plague doctor still linked to an outdated concept of medicine.
The exhibition is also completed by the contribution of the biologist Massimiliano Deidda, with his research on herbs and their use in the treatment of the sick.
The exhibition encreases the relationship between the Cooperativa Sant’Elia 2003, project leader with the architect Andrea De Eccher, curator of the restoration of the Lazzaretto of Cagliari. Furthermore, it represents the first collaboration activity with the Venice's Lazzaretto.